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Подборка заданий на Present Perfect и Past Simple


Past Simple и Present Perfect словно близнецы, так похожи, но в тоже время так сильно отличаются и постоянно не дают спокойно жить изучающим английский. Один констатирует факт в прошлом, другой указывает на результат в настоящем. Правила это, конечно, хорошо, но как бы этот материал закрепить на практике. Не вопрос! Специально для вас мы подготовили ряд упражнений, чтобы ваш ученик поставил этих забияк на место. Поехали!

EXERCISE 1.

Find out what sentences are right or wrong. Correct them if necessary.

  1. Have you ever been to Thailand?

  2. I´ve had sausages for lunch at half past one.

  3. She´s enjoyed herself at the party last night.

  4. I´ve read that book but I didn´t like it much.

  5. Tom has left school one year ago.

  6. My cousins have lived in Dublin since they´ve been children.

  7. We have worked here for a year and a half.

  8. My parents lived in Britain for a couple of years.

  9. James has made a cake yesterday.

  10. I´ve washed the car. It looks great now.

EXERCISE 2.

Choose the right answer.

1

a) Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.

b) Alexander Fleming just discovered penicillin.

2

a) Did he ride his bike two hours ago?

b) Did he ride his bike yet?

3

a) We have cleaned the car last Thursday.

b) We have just cleaned the car.

4

a) My grandmother has already got up.

b) My grandmother got up an hour ago.

5

a) I have not visited my uncle two weeks ago.

b) I have not visited my uncle yet.

6

a) Have you ever seen a rattlesnake?

b) Have you seen a rattlesnake yesterday?

7

a) They have never written a text message.

b) They have not written a text message in them last lesson.

8

a) They just went to town.

b) They went to town yesterday.

9

a) We already bought this car.

b) We bought this car in 2003.

10

a) Anke ever moved to England.

b) Anke moved to England in August 2006.

EXERCISE 3.

Match the pairs.

  1. Leo Tolstoy

  2. That woman next to you

  3. has written many books.

  4. wrote many books.

  5. Mark watched the film

  6. Mark has watched the film

  7. yesterday.

  8. today.

  9. He's been to Berlin.

  10. He's gone to Berlin.

  11. He will be back next Monday.

  12. He got back last night.

  13. I really need it

  14. I really needed it

  15. now.

  16. then.

  17. It hasn’t rained for months,

  18. It didn’t rain for months,

  19. so there wasn’t much water.

  20. so there isn’t much water.

  21. Kangaroos live

  22. Kangaroos have lived

  23. in Australia.

  24. in Australia for a long time.

  25. Sheila bought a bike

  26. Sheila has bought a bike

  27. when she was on holiday.

  28. but she never uses it.

  29. ‘What happened next?’

  30. ‘What happens next?’

  31. ‘Let’s wait and see.’

  32. ‘Look in the newspaper.’

EXERCISE 4.

Circle the correct option.

The University of Bologna is the oldest university in the world. It (1) a university since 1088. (The oldest university in England, Oxford University, (2) in 1167.) Bologna, in the north of Italy, (3) a beautiful town and many tourists (4) the university each year to understand its history and traditions. The first students at Bologna only (5) law but now the university (6) over a hundred different types of courses, from agriculture to zoology. Many famous people (7) from Bologna, especially in law and science. Perhaps the most important scientist is Copernicus (1473-1543). Copernicus was an astronomer (someone who studies the planets and stars). He (8) that the earth went round the sun at a time when everyone (9) that the earth was the centre of the universe. Since 2000, Bologna (10) Alma Mater Studiorum’, which means ‘Dear mother of studies’ in Latin.

1.

a. was

b. is

c. has been

d. have been

2.

a. started

b. starts

c. has started

d. have started

3.

a. was

b. is

c. has been

d. have been

4.

a. visited

b. visit

c. has visited

d. have visited

5.

a. studied

b. study

c. has studied

d. have studied

6.

a. taught

b. teaches

c. has taught

d. have taught

7.

a. graduated

b. graduates

c. has graduated

d. have graduated

8.

a. thought

b. thinks

c. has thought

d. have thought

9.

a. believed

b. believes

c. has believed

d. have believed

10.

a. was called

b. is

c. has been called

d. have been called

EXERCISE 5.

Complete the table with the form of irregular verbs.

INFINITIVE

PAST SIMPLE

PAST PARTICIPLE

1. ? ? gone

2. have ? ?

3. ? came ?

4. ? ? been

5. wake ? ?

6. ? met ?

7. sing ? ?

8. ? ? spoken

9. ? broke ?

10. write ? ?