Мало того, что модальные глаголы отличаются строптивым характером, так еще и найти к ним нужный подход не так-то просто. В конечном счете, на ум приходит единственно верное решение сложившейся ситуации - практика. Да только, что же делать, когда совершенно нет времени на поиск тасков, а урок с учеником уровня upper-intermediate уже не за горами. Take it easy! Специально для наших преподавателей мы подготовили крутую подборку десяти упражнений на модальные глаголы. Here they are!
Exercise 1: Choose the correct modal verb.
You (1) don't have to / mustn't pay for expensive security systems to protect your home. With the Roborior Guard Dog burglars will definitely think twice before breaking in. If you (2) mustn't / have to get away and someone has managed to get inside your home, your robot will call you on your mobile phone and alert the police, too. You (3) don't have to / mustn't be at home to move your robot around because Roborior works by itself. So you (4) have to / mustn't worry, Roborior will capture everything on camera until the police arrive!
Exercise 2: Choose the correct item.
1) ... you lend me some money, please?
2) You ... take things without asking.
3) Thomas ... to win the race after training hard.
4) You ... feed the dog. I've already done it.
B don't have to
5) Sally didn't ... to stop at the supermarket, so she went straight home after work.
Exercise 3: Identify the use of the modal verbs in bold, then write a synonymous modal verb or expression.
Example: Can I park my car in your garage? (permission; May / Could)
She must be home.
You needn't wear a tie to the interview.
Shall I cook spaghetti for dinner?
Gary may come round tonight.
You should take up a hobby.
Would you mind moving your car, sir?
She can't still be at work; it's already 6 pm.
Can I give you a hand with that bag?
Children must not play football in the streets.
I have to see the dentist.
Exercise 4: Tick the correct item.
1) He ought to be at home by now.
He is probably at home.
I don't think he's at home.
2) Sarah can't be his sister.
I don't think Sarah is his sister.
I'm sure Sarah isn't his sister.
3) You mustn't use a dictionary in the exam.
It is against the regulations to use a dictionary
It isn't necessary to use a dictionary in the exam.
4) If it is not raining tomorrow, we might play football.
We will definitely play football tomorrow.
It is possible that we will play football tomorrow.
Exercise 5: Fill in: "May l" or "Am I allowed to".
... ask you the time?
... feed the animals in the zoo?
... keep pets in my flat?
... see what you're reading?
... help you with that suitcase?
... make personal phone calls?
Exercise 6: Underline the correct item.
Information and safety tips:
You mustn't/needn't go snorkelling alone.
You mustn't/don't have to be an athlete to go snorkelling.
You don't have to/mustn't go snorkelling in dangerous waters.
You needn't/mustn't buy your own equipment. You can rent it.
You needn't/mustn't harm the wildlife when you go snorkelling.
You mustn't/don't have to wear equipment that doesn't fit properly.
Exercise 7: Choose the most appropriate response.
1) Would you mind posting this letter for me?
Yes, you may.
Not at all.
2) Could you pick me up at the train station, please?
No, you couldn't.
Yes, of course.
3) Will you help me with the laundry, please?
Yes, I may.
4) We could order a pizza tonight.
That's a good idea.
No, we might not.
5) Shall I open the window?
No, you won't.
No, it's okay, thanks.
Exercise 8: Rephrase the following sentences in as many ways as possible.
It isn't necessary for him to buy her a present.
I advise you to see a doctor.
We are obliged to wear a uniform at work.
It's forbidden to park here.
Tom managed to pass his driving test.
Exercise 9: Study the situations and write sentences using “may”, “can”, “could” or “can't”.
You want to see the headmaster. Ask the secretary for permission .
Your sister wants to use your computer but you have a lot of schoolwork. Refuse permission.
You want to go camping with your cousins. Ask you parents for permission.
Your friend wants to borrow one of your books. Give him your permission.
You'd like to leave school early because you aren't feeling well. Ask the teacher for permission.
Exercise 10: Match the items to their synonyms.
You should / ought to ...
You must ...
Shall we ...?
You needn't ...
We needn't have ...
We didn't need to ...
You mustn't ...
He was able to ...
She must be ...
He can't be ...
You aren't allowed to ...
It wasn't necessary for us to ... (but we did)
Why don't we ...?
He managed to ...
It wasn't necessary for us to ...
You had better ...
I'm sure she's ...
You are obliged to ...
It isn't necessary for you to ...
I'm sure he isn't ...
Изучающие английский особенно с продвинутым уровнем от часто путают модальные глаголы, потому что чем сложнее грамматика, тем больше нюансов употребления. Чтобы ученик успешно усвоил новый материал или наоборот закрепил уже имеющиеся знания необходима практическая работа. Поэтому не стесняйтесь и смело используйте эти увлекательные упражнения на уроке!
Желаем удачи и ждем ваших комментариев! :-)
V. Evans., J. Dooley. New Round-Up 5. 2011. Pearson Longman.
V. Evans., J. Dooley. New Round-Up 6. 2011. Pearson Longman.