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© 2010–2018 EnglishDom

Приставки отрицания un-, dis-, in-, ir-, im-, il-, non-, de.

20.06.2019

 

Хотя английский, как правило, относят к аналитическим языкам, роль приставок и суффиксов в нем тем не менее очень важна. Так, например, если ваш студент не знает какого-либо слова, но имеет представление о правилах словообразования в английском, то зная однокоренное слово, он сможет образовать от него нужную часть речи или добавить необходимой оттенок смысла. Одним из основных смысловых оттенков, которые необходимо научиться передавать, является, разумеется, отрицание. Поэтому сегодня мы предлагаем вам подборку упражнений, которые научат ваших студентов безукоризненно отрицать все и вся:)

 

1. Here’s the list of words. Put them into the columns with the right prefixes.

 

de-

dis-

in-, -il-, im-, ir-

mis-

non-

un-

 

agree; mature; existent; helpful; indefinite; spell; commission; honored; essential; activate; affected; interesting; rational; trust; comfort; form; conformist; belief; understand; interpretation; possible; compose; conduct; prepared; sense; usual; construct; legal; please; regular; inform; fiction; able; stop; code; mount.

 

2. Put the prefixes in-, il-, im-, or -ir, where necessary.

 

  1. Do you know that laws in this country are so tough that smoking here is …legal everywhere.

  2. I’m afraid your passport is ...valid, there’s one page missing.

  3. Why does Jenna have to be so ...logical and ...responsible all the time? I’m so tired of looking after her!

  4. Young man, your behaviour seems totally ...appropriate. Please, leave the classroom.

  5. I feel so encouraged right now that anything seems ...possible to me!

  6. Why did he burn his own house down? That’s totally ...sane!

  7. If math is ...accurate, we’ll see Saturn at 10 pm sharp.

  8. I do what I can, but it all seems ...sufficient to you.

  9. They look like a(n) ...perfect couple, but each of them has a skeleton in the closet.

  10. Boris broke his leg last week, so now he’s kind of ...mobile.

 

3. Find mistakes in the following sentences and correct them (mind that two of these sentences have no mistakes in them).

 

  1. Why has Julia been so inhappy lately? - She broke up with her boyfriend last week.

  2. I’m sorry but I totally misagree with you, you got the whole picture wrong.

  3. Inregular meals are bad for your health, you know that, right?

  4. I’m afraid I was misinformed about the situation. What exactly happened there yesterday?

  5. We have rats in our basement! Could you, please, uninfect it?

  6. Our sales have decreased significantly for the past month, we need a new strategy.

  7. Mike seems a little bit nonmature, but in fact he’s very responsible.

  8. Yesterday I saw an elephant on the street! - Wow, that’s ircredible!

  9. There was a little deunderstanding, but not everything is clear.

  10. Can we stop talking unsense and go straight to business?

 

4. Underline the correct prefix in each sentence.

 

  1. The final test is tomorrow but I feel totally non-/un-/dis-prepared!

  2. I’m afraid that Jeremy is mis-/ir-/in-competent for this kind of job.

  3. That was very il-/im-/dis-polite of you to tell Kelly that she gained some weight.

  4. In this tuxedo Ian looks ir-/non-/un-resistible. I bet he’s a real spooner.

  5. This chair seems slightly dis-/in-/un-comfortable to me. Can you show me your other options?

  6. Poline is so a-/dis-/non-political that she doesn’t even know who our current president is.

  7. Ugh, these crisps covered in grease seem so dis/-un-/mis-healthy. If I were you, I wouldn’t eat them.

  8. I can’t believe that Harry could have hurt somebody! He’s de-/non-/in-capable of that!

  9. We’re here, my friends, to explore the mysteries of the Universe, to reveal the secrets of the un-/non-/in-known.

  10. Do you live here? - No, I’m un-/non-/ir-resident but I come to this city quite often.

 

5. Write the right words for the following definitions.

 

  1. ……………………….. means mixed or impregnated with an extraneous and usually unwanted substance.

  2. ………………………… means to lead in a wrong direction or into a mistaken action or belief often by deliberate deceit.

  3. ………………………… means uncommon, rare.

  4. ………………………… means impossible to reconcile.

  5. ………………………… means unlimited extent of time, space, or quantity.

  6. ………………………… means absence of existence, the negation of being.

  7. ………………………… means restless or short of temper especially under irritation, delay, or opposition.

  8. ………………………… means a person who does not conform to a generally accepted pattern of thought or action.

  9. ………………………… means to turn (something) aside especially from a straight course or fixed direction.

  10. ………………………… means unable to think in a clear or sensible way.

 

6. Disagree with your friend.

 

  • I think it’s legal to drink alcohol on the street there. - No, I think ……………………………….

  • This task is done correctly. There are no mistakes in it. - No, I’m afraid ..……………………..

  • I’m sure this skirt is appropriate for the job interview. - No, I believe that ……………………..

  • I dumped my smartphone into the toilet accidentally. Do you think it’s reparable? - No, I’m afraid ……………………………

  • Oh boy! This thrift shop is probably so expensive! - No, actually it’s …………………………...

 

Надеемся, эта подборка упражнений пригодится вам на занятиях и поможет вашим студентам запомнить, какие отрицательные приставки с какими словами употреблять. Stay awesome and irresistible!


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